pam_ipahbac, the James Bond release

So we had another take into joining AIX servers against a FreeIPA / Red Hat Identity Management domain, this time with complete success since IBM has improved a lot certain aspects that allowed a much easier integration:

  • IDSLDAP (at least 6.4) now configures properly aginst FreeIPA
  • the rpm packages (aixtoolbox) are being maintained allowing for a much more recent sudo with ldap support (we couldn’t get sudo_ids to work, just go for normal sudo)
  • sshd is finally a version with support for AuthorizedKeysCommand

So it was time for a new take on the HBAC front, and after not being successful with either pam_hbac or my own pam_ipahbac, a new look at the code was needed.

Turns out the issue was OpenLDAP. The integration of pam, sshd, idsldap… basically you now need to use idsldap’s libraries so… time for a new release.

Being much simpler to change my code rather than adapt pam_hbac, that’s what I did and now configure detects that one is on AIX and no longer requires OpenLDAP. Still you need special compilation flags so it wa smuch easier for me to just let them be setup in the rpm spec.

Anyway, you can go to the website and download shiny new binaries for 0.0.7 and tar ball if you want, as well as read my definitive AIX/FreeIPA integration guide (which is also quite relevant).

Obfuscated encryption fails again… No Shit, Sherlock!

This is obfuscation, rather than encryption, for all purposes.

Major hardware vendors are involved, and «the issue is worse on Windows». No surprises, then… Glad I don’t use that poor excuse for an operating system… 🙂

It seems a few popular devices with hardware controlled self encryption aren’t really doing it good by having master passwords (truly a #WTF) and faulty standards implementations.

«SSDs from Micron (Crucial) and Samsung are affected. These are SSDs that support hardware-level encryption via a local built-in chip, separate from the main CPU. Some of these devices have a factory-set master password that bypasses the user-set password, while other SSDs store the encryption key on the hard drive, from where it can be retrieved. The issue is worse on Windows, where BitLocker defers software-level encryption to hardware encryption-capable SSDs, meaning user data is vulnerable to attacks without the user’s knowledge»

There’s a paper with all the gory details for the hard core guys  and a report on ZDNet for the rest.

I love learning new stuff

Really! Learning new stuff is always good to improve yourself, even when it’s something so boring as accounting (well, this one I need to help myself believe it).

This is definitely not news for many people, but I always wondered how failban was blocking an ip.ad.dre.ss when I couldn’t find any of the banned IPs with iptables-save | grep ip.ad.dre.ss

I always left it for another time and boy did it pass long and quickly, with other things more important.

But no more! This past weekend I finally learned how fail2ban manages IP block lists with Firewalld: it uses ipset and then creates iptables multiport matches on that defined ipset!

Boy, was I happy… May come in useful in the future, and in the past it was definitely very useful at times, rather than other workarounds.

Still… nice. I must thrive to make time to learn new stuff at least every weekend.

That god-awful upcoming european copyright directive revision…

So the European Comission and Parliament wants to give more power to the copyright maximalism extremists, sorry… to revise the european copyright directive…

Among other issues they want to:

  • tax links to news sources (article 11)
  • censor before pubication anything citizens want to publish online under the excuse of “protecting” against copyright infringement (article 13)

Article 11

The first one is moronic, andI will do all my best to lead to the death of the publishers of news sources who support this.

No more sharing of article, no more links.

I may personally not be liable BUT any social network I participate in is, and if they deem my website as commercial in any way or form even I may be liable because of what users publish as comments.

This is absurd, links drive potential customers to you, guys. Wanting to cash-in because a link and a short excerpt points to your page is a very misguided idea driven by avarice.

This is what you deserve: a very slow death by nobody using your services because nobody knows of links to you.

I will do my best with this regard. If you can die slowly and painfully (as a business, not as persons), I will watch with a smile on my face.

Ear to ear grin, guys. Not a slight Amazon-like smirk. Ear to ear…

Article 13

Guys… this is censorship at the full extent of the meaning of the word. Government mandated rules that prevent publishing for some specific reason.

If you believe that software can properly detect copyright infringement, then I have a good piece of land on  the moon to sell you really cheap. I promise to provide a good deed of proof of ownership! Really!

And if you needed any proof, then here it goes… a most recent and obnoxious case where Sony claims copyright of Bachs works on Facebook. Seriously?

Do not even dream for a second that is will get refined and work in the future.

It won’t. Artifical Intelligence will sooner take over our society and replace it with repetitive robotic work than do this properly.

And this leeds to a slippery slope of censorship where other rules will be added to the censorship machines…  and in fact… really… they’re already doing it… now they’re adding the “rules against terrorism”, I wonder how many steps until you can’t say something against the european authority…

Sobre a mudança (ou não) de hora… Venha a hora Primavera/Outonal

Parece que a Comissão Europeia está a dar até Abril do próximo ano para os Estados-membro indicarem qual a hora que pretendem manter: Verão ou Inverno.

Nota: teria aqui um link para os artigos d’O Público sobre isto, mas na sequência da mais que provável aprovação da diretiva europeia que legitima a cobrança de taxas pelos links, não pretendo mais colocar links para qualquer órgão noticioso tradicional..

Acho que é de louvar que pelo menos uma vez a Comissão Europeia dê ouvidos aos cidadãos sobre algum tema, seria de esperar que tivesse a mesma atitude no que diz respeito à revisão da diretiva europeia sobre direitos de autor, pelo que de momento temo apenas por… “what’s the catch“…

Que 79% dos portugueses prefiram a hora de verão não me admira nada, como país que por causa do turismo só tem a ganhar com mais exposição solar durante o dia, sobretudo no verão, seria algo muito preferencial.

Por outro lado, há quem diga que isto também tem outros efeitos nefastos.

Ou seja, independentemente de qual a opção tomada, há vantagens e desvantagens.

Qual o caminho a seguir?

Eu pessoalmente acho que a UE podia toda ajustar apenas meia hora e ficar algures a meio sem mudança de fuso horário daí para a frente.

Este meio-termo parece-me mais viável e algo que equilibra os argumentos a favor e contra cada um dos lados. Chamemos-lhe a hora da Primavera-Outonal…

Marine Le Pen is un-“invited” from Web Summit 2018. Good!

I’m a fierce free speech promoter, but allowing anyone to speak their voice is quite different from giving them a pulpit and paying them to do so.

Marine Le Pen, like most speakers at big events like the Web Summit 2018 where she was supposed to speak at, would be paid to do so.

That means that an event sponsored by a state that rejects fascist association in it’s constitution (articles 46 and 160) was about to have sponsored (by both central and local governments in Portugal) the leader of Front Nationale, the French extreme right wing party, promoters of xenophobia and fascism.

Yes, they can speak their ideals and I defend that right, go to the streets if you want to, but I cannot accept that some of my money (via taxes) can finance their activities.

Screw you, fascists.

Now if only Web Summit did the same with the other kinds of extremists they have on their agenda…

Efetivamente não o conheço, Marinho e Pinto… #linktax #censorshipmachines #ep #juri #portugal #copyright #directive #voteno

Marinho e Pinto é o único eurodeputado português presente no comité JURI (que trata com os assuntos jurídicos) e fez umas revelações à Exame Informática numa entrevista do meu estimado Hugo Séneca.

Hugo, desculpa mas não vou colocar o link. Não quero que o Artigo 11 da proposta de diretiva do direito de autor no mercado digital me venha a causar sarilhos e esta entrevista deixa-me com medo…

Na enrtevista Marinho e Pinto diz à boca cheia, a respeito de ser um eurodeputado no qual as pessoas depositavam a esperança de que pudesse travar a diretiva:

As pessoas que tinham essa expectativa não me conhecem.

Efetivamente não o conheço, Marinho e Pinto, pois pensava muita coisa positiva a respeito de si e afinal estava redondamente enganado.

Pensava que lesse as propostas de diretiva, mas pelos vistos não lê. Os artigos mais polémicos não são o “11º e 14º” mas sim o 11º, #linktax, e o 13º #censorshipmachines.

Pensava que entendesse que o #linktax não é contra o Google, é contra o funcionamento da Internet e eu, no meu blog, que é meu e não de uma outra plataforma qualquer, posso estar afetado também.

Pensava que entendesse que os filtros de upload são automáticos e no momento do upload. Não se trata de impedir pirataria mas de censurar o que um algoritmo considerar ser um positivo.

Pensava que entendesse que conhecesse o conceito de falso positivo, e neste tipo de tecnologias o problema não são os positivos mas os falsos positivos.

E há muitos falsos positivos, é por isso que os humanos são ainda muito melhores que as máquinas a identificar coisas (e por muito tempo continuarão a ser na minha opinião não leiga na matéria).

Pensava que entendesse que a disparidade de leis faz com que estes “positivos” sejam diferentes consoante a área geográfica do observador.

Pensava que entendesse que a partir do momento em que máquinas de censura prévia estejam implementadas, será trivial estender o seu controlo a conteúdos tidos como subversivos contra um regime autoritário seria trivial, bastaria colocar as keywords certas.

Pensava que iria defender a liberdade de expressão, que se encontra seriamente ameaçada.

Pensava que fosse defender os interesses dos cidadãos

Pensava que fosse defender os interesses dos autores, que cruzam, misturam e remisturam, apontam para a informação e muito mais.

Pensava que fosse impermeável a fortes lobbies de entidades corporativistas de gestão coletiva que apenas representam uma pequena porção de autores.

Pensava que não fosse desviar as atenções para fantasmas que são desmistificados por estudo atrás de estudo.

Enfim, pensava que fosse uma pessoa equilibrada, em vez de um extremista maximalista do direito de autor.

Mas efetivamente… não o conheço, Marinho e Pinto.

Pre-announcing my musings on GDPR

I’ve only very recently really had to face some of the GDPR “niceties” as member of the board of a Portuguese association (ANSOL).

From the brief discussion we had, even though I’m a staunch supporter of privacy rights, I had this gut feeling quite reinforced:

GDPR looks like another stone in the Roman road (of Good Intentions) to Tartarus.

You can quote me on that if you want. I already am quite convinced that other stone (The Right to be Forgotten) was a huge mistake prone to abuse by miscreants unwilling to have egg on their online faces…

Now I have to read it, I bet I will find lots of issues…

#Keto Recipe: the best roquefort cheese hot scrambled eggs

Today I’m going to share with you a powerful fat bomb meal very friendly to people living a healthy keto diet, a scrambled eggs recipe I’ve been having sometimes that just takes me to heaven.

I known you have to like some of these ingredients, specially roquefort cheese which is not legally available in the USA because of unhinged law makers although you may be able to find it at some place under the counter (if you wink-wink, nudge-nudge the right way of course). Sorry guys, try other replacements, it may still be good for you!

Here it goes, first the ingredients (remember to get the most from so called organic, grass fed, free range,or whatever… sources that are less likely to have the sweet poison of sugar or other potentially dangerous chemical additives):

  • 3 eggs per person (or for two if you eat less, or for many if you share as an appetizer)
  • emmental cheese
  • roquefort cheese
  • hot sauce (make your own, preferably), I like it quite hot
  • a pinch of salt
  • coconut oil (cold extraction)
  • salted butter
  • and optionally, bacon (in this case I had to finish three slices of bacon before they went bad, but the meal is quite awesome without it too)

Start by preparing a good amount of diced emmental cheese:

The, cut a good slice of roquefort cheese…

… and dice it into small pieces:

Then, open your eggs into a cup (one by one in a helper glass, check their smell) and add both a pinch of salt as well as as much hot sauce as you want (I used two tea spoons of my own):

Give them a good vigorous wisk until it’s all very well mixed together:

Finally put a decent amount of butter like between 20 g and 30 g (a good butter to buy in Portugal is Milhafre dos Açores) and a tablespoon of coconut oil in a frying pan:

Now that you have everything ready…

… it’s time to put the frying pan on strong fire and let it melt, mix, and get a quite hot:

At this point, I added my slices of bacon, let them fry a bit and then set them on a plate aside:

Then I poured in the eggs and let it solidify just a bit:

It’s now time to lower the fire, break these eggs and spread the emmental cheese:

Now spread the roquefort cheese over (if you had mixed the roquefor cheese along with the eggs, you’d get green eggs, maybe not very appetizing):

Let the cheeses melt a bit (you can probably cover the pan in order to let them melt better than in these photos) and serve to a dish preferably with the eggs still bit runny, either on top of (easier) or under (looks nicer) the bacon slices we saved up earlier:

It’s now ready for eating straight away and while it’s still hot.

Enjoy the yumminess!